Effectiveness of progressive muscle relaxation on sleep disturbance in athletes

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.52567/trehabj.v8i02.64

Keywords:

Athlete Sleep, Athlete Sleep Screening Questionnaire, competition, PMR, Sleep Disturbance

Abstract

Background: Athletes have general complaints about sleep disturbance which is important for body recovery, healthy brain and body functions, tissue wear and tear, and the body's immune system.

Objective: To determine the effectiveness of Progressive Muscle Relaxation (PMR) on sleep disturbance in athletes.

Methodology: N=24 athletes aged 18 to 36 years participating in a competition were included in a randomized controlled trial.   Athletes who were training for a competition, aged between 18 -and 36 years, and athletes with sleep disturbance score (SDS) falling above 4 on the Athletic Sleep Screening Questionnaire were included. Athlete sleep screening questionnaire (ASSQ) was used to assess sleep disturbance score (SDS). Athletes were randomly assigned to the experimental (n=12) and control (n=12) groups. The experimental group was given progressive muscle relaxation and re-assessed the next day for SDS.  

Results: The pre-post analysis showed that progressive muscle relaxation reduced the athletes' sleep disturbance score significantly one day after the intervention with a large effect size (p=0.006 Cohen's d= 1.44) in the experimental group. The mean of the mean differences of SDS of both groups were compared which showed a group had a significantly improved sleep disturbance score compared to a control group with a large effect size. (Mean= 1.41 ±1.44 v/s 0.00±1.85, p≤ 0.01, Cohen's d= 1.66). 

Conclusion: Progressive Muscle Relaxation exercises can be a non-pharmacological method to help athletes sleep by simple head-to-toe muscles contract and relax technique. 

Clinical Trail No: NCT05695092

Author Biographies

Samra Khokhar, Nawabshah Institute of Medical and Health Sciences, College of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Sciences (NIMHS), Shaheed Benazirabad, Pakistan

Principal/Assistant Professor

Amna Toseef, Federal Institute of Health Sciences

 Senior Lecturer

Nazia Jabbar Mahar, Royal Institute of Physiotherapy & Rehabilitation Sciences Sukkur, Pakistan.

 Senior Lecturer

Fahad Ul Zain, People’s University of Medical and Health Sciences for Women (SBA) Nawabshah

Assistant professor

Ume Aiman, Nawabshah Institute of Medical and Health Sciences

Senior Lecturer 

Aqeela Parveen, Nawabshah Institute of Medical and Health Sciences, College of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Sciences (NIMHS), Shaheed Benazirabad, Pakistan

Lecturer Assistant

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Submitted

04-06-2024

Accepted

25-06-2024

Published

28-06-2024

Issue

Section

Research Article

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