Effects of additional functional strength training on mobility in children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy
Keywords:Cerebral palsy, functional strength training, mobility, GMFM, GMFC
Background: Cerebral palsy (CP) affects the mobility and functional strength of children which leads to a decline in the quality of life of children. Functional strength training may considered objective-oriented to achieve some specific activity level and improve the overall performance of children.
Objective: To determine the effects of additional functional strength training on mobility in Children with Hemiplegic Cerebral Palsy (HCP).
Method: A single-blind randomized control trial (NCT05878756) was conducted on (n=40) children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy (HCP) at the National Institute of Rehabilitation Science, Islamabad. Children who can follow commands, not using assistive devices, and are not being treated in any other rehabilitation services were included. Children aged 4-12 years were recruited through a non-probability convenient sampling technique and a total of n=40 participants were randomly divided into Group A (n=20) which received conventional therapy along with functional strength training for 4 weeks, while Group B (n=20) only received conventional physical therapy. Both groups received intervention for 4weeks. The tools, Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM) used for the severity of mobility and, five times sit-to-stand (FTSTS) to assess functional lower extremity strength, transitional movement balance, and fall risk in older adults, were used at baseline and post-treatment assessment.
Results: Both groups had improvements in strength and mobility but there was significant improvement in strength and mobility in Group A after 4th week (p≤ 0.05). However, no significant increase in the dimension of lying and kneeling was observed. Comparison within both groups for dimensions of walking, running, and jumping in both groups showed significant improvement (p=0.045). According to the result of GMFM scoring, a significant improvement in the interventional group (A) as compared to Group B (p=0.003).
Conclusion: It is concluded that additional functional therapy has a better outcome as compared to conventional therapy on mobility and strength of children with CP.
Clinical Trials.gov Identifier: NCT05878756
Copyright (c) 2023 Mamoona Tasneem Afzal, Saad Tariq, Muhammad Shakir Khan, Zainab Tariq, Hadia Anjum, Sairish Sairien
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