Static versus dynamic stretching; short term effects on physical performance in non-athletes- a randomized clinical trial

Authors

  • Shomaila Hassan Khan Kunming Medical University, China
  • Misbah Bin Ilyas Helping Hand Institute of rehabilitation Sciences, Mansehra Pakistan
  • Jawad Ali Helping Hand Institute of rehabilitation Sciences, Mansehra Pakistan
  • Zahid Mehmood Department of Physical Therapy
  • Raheela Kanwal College of Applied Medical Sciences University of Hail, Hail, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
  • Arooba Sajjad Iqra National University, Peshawar, Pakistan
  • Kiran Khushnood Riphah College of Rehabilitation and Allied Health Sciences https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7994-0377
  • Ao Lijuan Kunming Medical University https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5788-2062

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.52567/trehabj.v7i03.11

Keywords:

agility, balance, dynamic stretching, endurance, flexibility, non-athletes, physical performance, static stretching

Abstract

Background: Non-athletes have varying fitness levels, muscle characteristics, and training backgrounds, which can affect how different types of stretching exercises impact their physical performance. 

Objective: to compare the acute effects of static and dynamic stretching on physical performance of non-athletes. A single-blinded, cross-over, randomized clinical trial was conducted at Iqra National University, Peshawar for a period of 6 months. A total of n=54 male participants were randomly allocated into group A and B. Group A performed the static stretching while group B performed dynamic stretching. The physical performance measure was endurance, agility, strength, flexibility, and balance respectively. 

Result: The result of two-way RMANOVA showed that both stretches had significant interaction effects between interventions and all performance measures (p<0.001) except for balance (p=0.23). The main effect showed that static stretching significantly reduced agility and balance (p<0.05), while dynamic balance improved all measures significantly (p<0.05). When comparing the mean differences of all variables, dynamic stretches showed significant improvement (p<0.05) in all variables as compared to static stretching. 

Conclusion: Dynamic stretch has a significant contribution to improving all physical performance measures among non-athletes if incorporated before the activity. While static stretching negatively affects the agility and balance among this population. (NCT05053490) 

Author Biographies

Shomaila Hassan Khan, Kunming Medical University, China

PhD Scholar

Misbah Bin Ilyas, Helping Hand Institute of rehabilitation Sciences, Mansehra Pakistan

Lecturer

Jawad Ali, Helping Hand Institute of rehabilitation Sciences, Mansehra Pakistan

Assistant Professor/HOD Physical therapy

Zahid Mehmood, Department of Physical Therapy

Lecturer/Research Convener

Raheela Kanwal, College of Applied Medical Sciences University of Hail, Hail, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Assistant Professor

Arooba Sajjad, Iqra National University, Peshawar, Pakistan

Lecturer

Kiran Khushnood, Riphah College of Rehabilitation and Allied Health Sciences

Assistant Professor

Ao Lijuan, Kunming Medical University

Head of Rehabilitation Medicine Department

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Submitted

30-07-2023

Published

30-09-2023

Issue

Section

Research Article